Archive for the ‘Uncategorized’ Category


2013 Ohio Timber Price Report Released

treeTimber landowners at times seek information on current and trends in timber prices paid in Ohio. Ohio State University in cooperation with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources report timber prices twice per year to assist with these requests. The report provides data on 12 types of timber species common to the Ohio forest product industry. Dr. Eric McConnell, OSU Extension Specialist, provides leadership on this project and other research and education efforts. To view the July 2013 and archived reports visit: click Timber Price Report (read more).


Annual Corn/Soybean Day Program Set

By Eric Richer, OSU Extension Educator

The annual Corn/Soybean Day program is scheduled for January 24th at Sauder Farm and Craft Village’s Founders Hall from 8:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. (Optional CORE & Category 6 sessions for pesticide applicator credits are available from 3:45 to 5:15 pm). The program has a variety of speakers and 28 exhibitors sharing information on management practices for the 2013 crop production season.

Topics for the day include:

  • Managing Corn Following a Drought Year – Dr. Emerson Nafziger, Professor of Crop Sciences and Extension Agronomist, University of Illinois
  • Weed Disasters: Top 10 Ways to Avoid Being a Statistic – Harold Watters, OSU Extension Field Specialist, Agronomic Crops
  • Soybean Health, Insect/Disease Update – Dr. Anne Dorrance, OARDC, Soybean Specialist
  • Soil Factors for High Yields – Greg LaBarge, OSU Extension Field Specialist, Agronomic Crops


In addition, exhibitors from seed and input suppliers, banking, crop insurance, grain marketing and the machinery industry will be on site to share information about products and programs.
The following continuing education credits for pesticide applicators are offered throughout the day:

  • *Private: 1 hour CORE, 2 hours Category 1, ½ hour Category 6
  • *Commercial: 1 hour 2A, 1 hour 2C
  • *Michigan: 4 hours total credit
  • *Certified Crop Advisers: 4 hours total credit


Pre-registration is $25 and is requested by January 15th. At the door registrations are $45 and available on a limited basis. A more detailed agenda and registration information can be found at Contact Eric Richer, Extension Educator, Agriculture & Natural Resources 419-337-9210 or for more information.


Nitrate Testing Corn for Silage/Feed

by: Bruce Clevenger

There has been a lot of interested in testing drought-stressed corn for nitrate levels. Rightly so! Nitrate poisoning is a real concern for livestock production. Under normal growing conditions, nitrate is quickly converted to nitrite, then to ammonia, and finally into plant proteins and other compounds. When plant growth is slowed or stopped, nitrate can accumulate in the plant. Drought, frost, cool, cloudy weather can cause nitrate to accumulate. Rainfall following an extended dry period may cause an immediate increase in nitrates for 2 to 5 days until the plant can concert the nitrate to protein.

OSU Extension Defiance County is hosting a meeting on August 10, 2012 titled: Corn Silage and Forages: 2012 Drought, Management and Economics. The meeting will be taught by OSU’s Dr. Bill Weiss and Diane Shoemaker. Topics will include: Harvest Management, Feeding Drought Forages, Pricing Corn for Silage, and Q & A.  The program is free and will be from 10:00 am to 12:00 pm at the OSU Extension office, 06879 Evansport Road, Defiance, OH. RSVP by calling 419-782-4771 or email

A & L Great Lakes Laboratory in Ft. Wayne, IN summarized nitrate samples received into the lab in a report dated July 27th


New OSU Extension Soybean and Small Grains Specialist

By Laura Lindsey
I am very excited to join the Agronomic Crops Team as the soybean and small grains specialist. I am a faculty member with extension and research responsibilities in the Department of Horticulture and Crop Science in collaboration with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. In May 2012, I earned my PhD from Michigan State University in Crop and Soil Sciences. At Michigan State, I held a part-time extension appointment and conducted research in the areas of soil fertility and weed science. I received my BS and MS from School of Environment and Natural Resources at The Ohio State University. I look forward to interacting with growers, contributing to the C.O.R.N. newsletter, and participating in extension programming. I can be contacted by phone at 614-292-9080 or by email at My office is located at Room 230 Kottman Hall, 2021 Coffey Road, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.


Late last week (week of July 16, 2012) the Directors of ODNR, OEPA and ODA announced the Ohio Clean Lakes Initiative.  The initiative utilizes $1.5 million dollars for implementation of several practices targeted in Defiance, Henry, Wood and Putnam Counties and has a website located at that you may want to check periodically.

A summary of the Clean Lake Initiative is… Ohio announces ‘Clean Lakes Initiative’ to help curb pollution – Farm & Dairy News

Funding specifics are not available but they will focus on:

  • water control devices structures
  • variable rate fertilizer application
  • cover crops
  • variable rate fertilizer application, while also working the fertilizer into the soil
  • broadcast fertilizer application and working the fertilizer into the soil.

Watch for future information at:


Drought Forecast for Near Future


Applying Liquid Livestock Manure to Wheat and Corn Meeting Planned

Applying swine manure to corn

by Glen Arnold, Field Specialists, Manure Nutrient Management

Livestock producers and grain farmers interested in learning about utilizing liquid swine and dairy manure on wheat and corn should plan on attending a program at the Putnam County Extension office on Thursday, March 1st at 7:00pm. The Putnam County Extension Office address is 124 Putnam Parkway, Ottawa Ohio 45875.

Top-dressing wheat in April (after the wheat has broken winter dormancy) using swine manure has worked well for producers using this application window. Liquid swine manure can contain from 30 to 55 pounds of ammonia nitrogen per 1,000 gallons. Applying manure as a spring topdress to wheat has produced yields similar or better to than purchased fertilizer when fields are firm enough to support the application equipment.

Side-dressing corn with swine and dairy manure has also proven to be an effective use of manure nutrients while saving the cost of purchased fertilizer. Applying manure to a growing crop also allows for better utilization of the manure nutrients, especially the nitrogen and phosphorus portions. Swine finishing manure applied as a side-dress to meet corn nitrogen needs also supplies enough phosphorus and most of the potash needed for the for a soybean crop the following season.

The application of manure to fields that have not traditionally received manure has resulted in improved test weights in wheat and corn harvested. While more research is needed to confirm these preliminary findings the results do look promising for grain farmers interested in having manure applied to their fields from livestock operations.

An additional topic will be discussing the modifications made to a 5,200 gallon manure tanker to adapt it for row crop manure application on corn. Modifications included replacing the 30” tires with 18” tires on offset rims, adjusting the toolbar to incorporate manure in standing corn, and calibrating the tanker for applying the correct amount of manure.

Registration cost for the program is $10 in advance or $15 at the door. Checks can be made payable to OSU Extension and mailed to the Hancock County Extension office, 7868 CR 140, Suite B, Findlay Ohio 45840. For a flyer that includes a registration form click here

Certified Crop Advisor and Certified Livestock Manager credits for this meeting have been applied for.


2012 Farm Outlook Meeting Recorded

by Bruce Clevenger, OSU Extension Defiance County

Farmers and agribusiness need to keep tuned into markets, production economics and farm policy. Trends can change due to measurable factors or seemingly unpredictable forces. Farmers, agribusinesses and others in the agricultural industry had the opportunity to learn more about the current farm outlook at an Ohio State University Extension 2012 Farm Outlook Program in Defiance County on December 20.

Ohio State University’s Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics and OSU Extension made presentations that brought forth the latest outlook on the grain markets, land rent, production inputs and farm policy.

View and listen to the presentations from December 20th


Tools for 2012- Crop Budgets, Crop Variety Selection, Income Tax Planning

by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

OSU Extension produces some important planning tools that are now available on-line. See the links below as you begin planning for 2012.

Budgeting for crop enterprises is an important tool in looking at the economic situation that you can expect. How much for variable cost such as fertilizer, seed and crop insurance will I need to spend? What do I need to cover fixed cost of land rents and machinery? Accounting for all cost provides a dollar amount we need to be profitable and sets the point where we can look at  grain marketing.  Table 1 below highlights cost in the OSU budgets.

Crop Yield per Acre Expectations Variable Cost per Acre Fixed per Cost Acre Total Cost per Acre Total Cost per Bushel
Corn 155 $ 411 $ 341 $ 752 $   4.86


$ 228 $ 290 $ 518 $ 10.50


$ 260 $ 353 $ 613 $   7.88

While these serve as a guideline remember the most important line is your expected numbers. The tool can be accessed at and you can put your numbers in the spreadsheet to quickly do enterprise planning.

The second tool is the Ohio Corn and Soybean Performance Trials. Hard copies of this publication are available in the Extension Office and you can also find the convenient on-line tool which has sorting capabilities on various aspects of the data. The on-line versions of the corn trials can be found at and soybeans can be found at

The Farmers Tax Guide has also been a resources that farmers look to for income tax preparations and tracking the ever changing issues that affect the bill to Uncle Sam. This publication will be available in the Fulton County Office on Friday 12/16. Other office may have hard copies already available. On line you can find this publication at


Snow Fence: Tis the Season

by: Bruce Clevenger, Defiance County

Posted by Glen Arnold, Putnam County

Snow fences can be an effective and economical way of improving snow management. They keep snow and ice off driveways and roads while increasing driver visibility by reducing the force of the wind on the snow. A 2006 report by Tabler & Associates revealed that snow fences helped reduce accidents caused by poor visibility by up to 70% along I-80 in southeastern Wyoming.

Snow fences may also reduce time and energy of traditional snow removal. However, on private property, a poorly placed fence can be ineffective or do more harm than good. Traditionally, property owners are installing snow fence in late fall or early winter. Once the ground freezes and receives snow, it may be too late to install.

Snow fence is generally not a solid fence. Fence openings should be 2 to 2 1/2 inches wide (openings wider than 6 inches are ineffective) and may run vertically or horizontally. Wind speeds up as it passes through the restricted openings, thus preventing snow from plugging the immediate area around the fence. The wind slows down after passing through the fence and drops much of its load of snow.

Generally, a snow fence should be installed at a distance of 20-35 times its height from the edge of the protection area (ie. driveway). That is, if you were installing a four-foot-high fence, it would need to be at least 80-140 feet from the protection area to be effective. This distance will set the fence far enough away to allow snow to accumulate before the fence and between the fence and the driveway, rather than over and on the driveway itself.

Wind velocity and fence height determine the size of the protected area. For instance, when the wind is blowing at 10 mph, a 6-foot-high porous fence will reduce that velocity to a minimum 10 feet downwind from the fence. When the wind is 20 mph, the minimum velocity point will be 65 feet from the fence; and at 30 mph, the area protected is about 90 feet downwind.

A gap of approximately 10% of the fence’s height should be left underneath the snow fence. If you were installing a fence with a height of four feet, you would want to install the fence with 4–5 inches between the bottom of the fence and the ground. This gap will prevent snow from accumulating near and on the fence. This will reduce extra weight and damage from snow accumulation and increase the effectiveness of your fence.

A common pitfall in snow fence installation is placing a fence too close to or too far from the protection area. A fence too close to the protection area can actually increase the amount of snow deposited. A fence too far from the area will allow the wind to pick snow back up and deposit it on the road. It is best to properly measure the distance and, if needed, to install multiple fences.

A snow fence should also extend approximately 20 feet or 30 degrees past the length of the area intended for protection. This will reduce the effect of wind wrapping around the edge of the fence, increasing the area of coverage. Extending the fence also helps protect against a larger variation of wind directions. The orientation of the snow fence should be parallel to the driveway and perpendicular to prevailing winds. However, the makeup of the terrain may alter fence placement. An adjustment in a fence’s angle up to 25 degrees will not significantly detract from the fence’s effectiveness.

An effective snow fence is both science and an art. Trial and error will increase success of using a snow fence. Winter weather may provide a variety of wind directions and precipitations. Snow fences can help reduce dangers and reduce the costs of snow removal to provide better snow management.


Agriculture Economic Outlook Meeting for 2012

Posted by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

Farmers, agribusinesses and others in the industry located in northwest Ohio have the opportunity to learn more about the current grain market outlook and farm production economics at an Ohio State University Extension 2012 Farm Outlook Program.

The program hosted by Ohio State University Extension with presentations from Ohio State’s Department of Agricultural, Environmental, and Development Economics.  Topics covered will include grain markets, farm inputs, land values, and an economic outlook of the industry. The program will be held on December 20 from 5:30 p.m. until 9:00 p.m. at the Jewell Community Center, 7900 Independence Road, Defiance, Ohio. Pre-registration is $15 per person.

The program will feature the following speakers: Matt Roberts, OSU Extension agricultural economist, who will discuss the Grain Market Outlook: 2011 Old Crop and the Futures Market; Barry Ward, OSU Extension agricultural economist, who will discuss farm production economics of farmland values and input costs such as seed, chemical and fertilizer markets; Greg LaBarge will discuss Phosphorus: A Water Quality Concern but It’s Not the Same 1980s Problem; Carl Zulauf, OSU Extension agricultural economist, The Farm Bill and Policy Makers.

The 2012 Farm Outlook Program meeting in Defiance County is open to the public and will provide insightful information for farming in 2012.  OSU Extension Crop and Livestock Enterprise Budgets are also available at:

Pre-registration deadline for the 2012 Farm Outlook Program is December 16. For more information, contact Bruce Clevenger at (419) 782-4771 or see the flyer at


Chart Clarifies Corn Refuge Confusion

by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

With more insect traited corn hybrids on the market and different refuge requirements depending on the trait plus new in the bag options to say the least it confusing to manage the refuge requirements today. The issue is important as the first reports of field-evolved resistance to a Bt toxin by the western corn rootworm and by any species of Coleoptera in Iowa this past year. The research findings of this find can be found at

Chris DiFonzo (Michigan State University) and Eileen Cullen ( University of Wisconsin) have put together a chart of traits from all the major companies with the insect control that can be expected and the refuge requirements for that product. As you work through planning for next season this guide helps you understand what you need to do to prevent insect resistance.


Corn Ears Tell a Story

by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

The shape of a corn ear can tell a story about the growing season and help identify how some practices worked and identify things we may want to change in a future year. Dr Peter Thomison, OSU Extension Corn Specialist has put together a great resources on ear shape and what may have lead to what you are seeing in the field. The poster on corn ear shapes can be downloaded at

Western Bean Cutworm Damaged Ears. Ear to the left was harvested in the late milk stage and the three ears to the left are full maturity.

One thing you may want to keep an eye out for is damage from Western Bean Cutworm. We saw increased moth flights and identified several fields with egg and small larvae. A couple of field showed ear damage. A picture is included in the poster as well as the damage in the accompanying photo from 2010 show what this type of misshapen ear looks like.

Are all the ears filled to the end? This looks great and feels good but the questions to ask in this situation is could I have increased yield by increasing population. There are several questions to ask this time of year as we harvest to make plans to improve next years crop. The Abnormal ear poster is a great tool.


Ohio Fall Prevented Wheat Planting Dates

FSA News posted by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

Farmers and producers in Ohio who were prevented from planting wheat because of a natural disaster, must report the acreage to the Farm Service Agency (FSA) within 15 calendar days after the final planting date. Ohio has 2 different deadline dates, either Oct. 20, 2011 or Oct. 31, 2011 depending on which county you farm in.

Producers that farm in twenty-five counties in Ohio, have until the final planting date of Oct. 31, 2011 to timely plant fall wheat. These counties include: Cuyahoga, Butler, Hamilton, Warren, Clinton, Clermont, Brown, Highland, Adams, Ross, Pike, Scioto, Vinton, Jackson, Lawrence, Gallia, Meigs, Athens, Morgan, Washington, Noble, Monroe, Guernsey, Belmont and Jefferson. Producers and farmers who were prevented from planting wheat by the final planting date in these counties have until November 15, 2011 to visit their local FSA county office and timely report the prevented planting acreage.

Producers that farm in the other sixty-three counties in Ohio, had until the final Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) planting date of October 20, 2011 to timely plant fall wheat. Producers and farmers who were prevented from planting wheat by the final planting date in these counties have until November 4, 2011 to visit their local FSA county office and report the prevented planting acreage.

Prevented planting is the inability to plant the intended crop acreage with the proper equipment during the established planting period for the crop type because of a natural disaster, (does not include late maturing crops due to the late spring planting of 2011 crops). Producers, who request prevented planting acreage credit must report the acreage on an FSA-578 and complete a manual CCC-576, part B within 15 calendar days after the final planting date. Visit your local FSA county office if a natural disaster condition has prevented you from planting wheat this fall.

Accurate acreage reports to USDA are important to maintain history for eligibility or compliance for many USDA programs.  The programs offered are dictated by legislation passed by Congress.    Current programs are available based on the 2008 legislation commonly referred to as the “2008 Farm Bill”.  For more information on which programs are still available or expired under that law, contact your local FSA office or visit