Archive for the ‘cover crops’ Category

Mar
14

Paulding & Van Wert County Cover Crop Program

Radishes and Cereal Rye

by: Jim Lopshire

Cover crops are an effective tool to reduce soil erosion and increase nutrient recycling on farmlands, thereby also decreasing the soil and nutrient loads entering lakes and waterways.  Cover crops can have numerous other benefits including improvement of soil quality, pest management, fertility management, water availability, landscape diversification, and wildlife habitat.

Proper choice and management of cover crops are important in maximizing the benefits and reducing potential problems.  Characteristics important for cover crop selection include life cycle, seeding date and rate, winter hardiness, nitrogen fixation or scavenging ability, feed or forage value, and establishment costs.  There is no single cover crop or system that will provide all these benefits.

The OSU Extension Offices of Van Wert andPauldingCountiesare holding an agronomy program focusing on the incorporation of cover crops into cropping systems.  With talk of needing greater nutrient management, and the potential future restrictions on the usage of fertilizers and manure on the farm for crop production, the use of cover crops may become a greater necessity to assure that nutrients applied to fields stay in the fields until cash crops utilize them.

This program will be held on March 22, 2012 at the Van Wert County Fairgrounds in theJuniorFairBuildinginVan Wert,Ohio.  Registration starts at 8:30 a.m. with program starting at 9:00 a.m. and ending at 3:30 p.m.  Lunch will be served.  The registration fee of $10 is payable at the door.

Speakers for the day include Florian Chirra, OSU Extension educator, discussing Soil Ecology and Dissolved Reactive Phosphorus Problem;Jim Hoorman, OSU Extension educator, will cover Biology of Compaction, Cover Crop Rotations, and Cover Crop Economics; and Glen Arnold, OSU Extension Field Specialist, will share his research on Applying Manure to Actively Growing Crops.

The event is open to all interested persons, and registration fees include materials and refreshments.

To pre-register for the program please call the Van Wert (419-238-1214) or Paulding (419-399-8225) Extension Office or email: young.2 @cfaes.osu.edu to pre-register for the program.   

Mar
23

Selecting the Right Cover Crop

by Jim Lopshire,  Paulding County

Cover crops are an effective tool to reduce soil erosion and increase nutrient recycling on farmlands, thereby also decreasing the soil and nutrient loads entering lakes and waterways.  Cover crops can have numerous other benefits including improvement of soil quality, pest management, fertility management, water availability, landscape diversification, and wildlife habitat.

Proper choice and management of cover crops are important in maximizing the benefits and reducing potential problems.  Characteristics important for cover crop selection include life cycle, seeding date and rate, winter hardiness, nitrogen fixation or scavenging ability, feed or forage value, and establishment costs.  There is no single cover crop or system that will provide all these benefits.  Therefore, experimentation may be necessary before producers decide on a suitable cover crop for an individual system.

Several plant species have been successfully used as cover crops in Ohio. They are best categorized by lifecycle, because the type of lifecycle dictates the nature of their vegetative growth and hence value as a cover crop for a given situation. Read the rest of this entry »

Jan
31

Regional Cover Crop Workshops Scheduled

By Florian Chirra, Williams County

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind –The Great Lakes Cover Crops Initiative (GLCCI) invites farmers and crop consultants to attend a cover crop workshop to learn how to incorporate cover crops into your system.  This workshop will be held in six locations throughout the GLCCI region.  The dates and locations are February 9, Ubly, MI; February15, Dundee, MI; February 16 Frankenmuth, MI; February 17, Allegan, MI; March 3, Elkhart, IN; March 10, Bowling Green, OH.  Each workshop will take place from 8:45am to 3:30 pm with registration beginning at 8am.  CCA’s can earn CEU’s by attending these workshops.

A general brochure for the February 15th  meeting at Cabala’s, Dundee, MI can be found at by clicking on this link and a brochure specific to the March 10 meeting in Bowling Green can be found at this link.

Read the rest of this entry »

Jan
28

USDA/RMA OFFER INSUREDS AN OPPORTUNITY TO INSURE CROPS FOLLOWING COVER CROPS

by Greg LaBarge, Fulton County

One of the hidden issues of cover crops have been how this practices affects crop insurance for corn and soybeans as a following crop. Recently USDA Risk Management Issued guidance on this issue for our region which clarifies a process to assure coverage for a corn or soybean crop following a cover crop. A factsheet more complete details can be found at: http://www.rma.usda.gov/fields/il_rso/2011/covercrops.pdf

Some  quick details below are an except from USDA-RMA Newsrelease 1/24/2011:

Generally, in the Springfield RO region, insurance is not available for corn or soybeans following another crop (i.e. cover crop) that has reached the headed or budded stage or that has been harvested in the same calendar year. If the cover crop growth is not terminated before reaching the headed or budded stage or the cover crop is harvested in the same calendar year, insurance may now be available through a Written Agreement provided certain criteria are met.

To request a Type/Practice Written Agreement to insure a crop following a cover crop, insureds should speak with their crop insurance agent. Insureds must submit a completed Request for Actuarial Change form; a completed Actual Production History (APH) form with separate databases for the “following a cover crop” practice; the location of the acreage where the practice is being used; the type of cover crop being grown; and the method of cover crop termination (if the termination has occurred at the time of the request).

If approved by RMA, the Written Agreement will specify a rate, a transitional yield (by crop) for the acreage, and that the cover crop growth must be terminated by May 15th of the current crop year. Producers may consider this offer and accept or decline coverage.